Keck Foundation LOI

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(2) Description (Ron, Mike/Corrine))
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== 1) Opening (Charlie) ==
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== 1) Introduction ==
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Specific amount that we are requesting.
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Earlham College requests $<a-small-boat-load> to develop a set of multidisciplinary science curriculum modules, each with field, laboratory, and computational components.  These modules will be created for both introductory and upper-division science courses in geoscience, chemistry, computer science, biology, mathematics, and environmental science.  The three methods; field, laboratory, and computational; will be integrated in each module such that students at all levels will experience first-hand how modern scientific inquiry is carried-out using multidisciplinary approaches.
-
Step by step list of what we're doing.
+
The Keck Foundation's grant, together with direct and indirect support from Earlham College, would support a modest amount of equipment and a three year program of development and initial offerings of the curriculum modules.
-
Computational methods are now an important part of basic research in all of the natural sciences, yet few undergraduate programs have such components. Earlham is very well positioned to develop a template for incorporating computational methods into science curricula, e.g. our interdisciplinary approach and the high percentage of our graduates that go on to earn Ph.D.s in a science.  These methods are just one type of scientific inquiry covered by our curriculum modules. /* Is this paragraph placed correctly? */
+
In choosing the scientific problem around which to construct this project, we have tried to generate topics centered around faculty expertise, student interest, and local impact. We anticipate that if this approach is successful, both scientifically and educationally, we would be able to expand topics to reflect the changing interests of students, faculty, and the community. Therefore, our selection of the research problem is purposefully flexible, although any topic must meet the following explicit criteria:
 +
*It must be broadly relevant to the scientific community (research results should be publishable in more than one venue).
 +
*It must be easily adapted to both student/faculty research and the undergraduate science curriculum.
 +
*It must involve field work, laboratory work, and computational analysis.
 +
*It must be multidisciplinary in nature.
 +
*It must have local impact or be important to the local community.
-
== 2) Description (Ron, Mike/Corrine) ==
+
This project will focus on interdisciplinary collaboration and curriculum development among the natural and physical sciences departments at Earlham College, including biology, chemistry, computer science, geosciences, and mathematics. It is clear that cutting-edge scientific research is becoming more multidisciplinary and collaborative at all levels; therefore, it is essential to train our students to develop multi-faceted approaches to problem solving. This project will introduce an important scientific problem and ask students to collect and analyze data, as well as make interpretations, using different disciplinary perspectives in both coursework and independent research projects with faculty. We believe this idea of collaborative learning will transform our undergraduate curriculum in the sciences and provide a model for interdisciplinary curricula for other liberal arts colleges.
-
Course curriculum module development
+
-
*Describe one introductory and one upper-level fully, list the others that will be like this.
+
-
Hydrogeology, a course in the Geosciences Department, serves to illustrate application of our curricular approach to an upper-level offeringThe 1 to 3 week modules developed for hydrogeology will be designed to knit together over the semester to yield a significant end result: the complete characterization of the hydrogeologic settingDuring the life of the grant, the course would develop a hydrogeological characterization for both the back-campus research plot and for Springwood LakeTo illustrate our approach for the back-campus plot, characterization will entail installation of several analysis-grade ground water monitoring wells, suction lysimeters and multi-level piezometers. Installations will be subcontracted to an environmental drilling firm and will utilize Hollow-Stemmed Auger (HSA) techniques in order to recover continuous split-spoon soil samples. Smaller subsurface monitoring points may be installed by hand auger.  The hydraulic properties of the subsurface will be calculated on the basis of constant head slug tests and constant discharge pumping stress tests. Monitoring points will be chemically characterized to establish background conditions prior to experimental dosing by environmentally benign proxy metal compounds. Total metal concentrations will be quantified by Inductively-Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) and aqueous species distributions will be modeled by use a public-domain equilibrium speciation model (e.g. MINTEQA2,PHREEQC)Hydrogeology students will be engaged in all facets of the subsurface investigation, aquifer property determination and sample collection.  Students in other courses will cooperatively engage with Hydrogeology students to develop the protocols for running the environmental fate experiments, chemical analyses and equilibrium speciation modeling.
+
=== Local physical aspects ===
 +
*Back campus study plot.  We intend to specify a land surface area located somewhere on the Earlham back campus that can be instrumented for data physical and chemical data collection.
 +
*Springwood Lake is a small (20 acre) pond located within the City limits of Richmond, IndianaIt was created in 1930 by dredging and damming a perennial wetland and was intended to be a recreational destinationThe lake is situated between the Middle Fork of the Whitewater River to the east and a steep 50 foot embankment to the westThe embankment is topped by flat land that was the preferred location of industrial development in the 40s, 50s and 60s. Industrial development was attended by uncontrolled releases of contaminating substances, many of which were captured and archived in Springwood Lake sediments.  The base of the embankment along the western lakeshore is the locus of perennial springs;  elevated concentrations of metals and chlorinated organic solvents continue to enter Springwood Lake via these springs.  
 +
*The environmental impact of local industry and geology on ground water sources would be studied using methods such as computational modeling of aqueous speciation to assess bioavailability, quantitative analysis of uptake in different trophic levels and analytical techniques, effects/evidence of metal uptake by plants or aquatic life. The study sites will be a local plot developed on-campus and a small lake several miles from the Earlham campus with documented pollution impacts.   
 +
*Snapping turtles are potential heavy metal reservoirs, as such they would provide us with one particularly good angle with which to approach this which builds on significant faculty expertise.
-
For Springwood Lake, previous and on-going investigations by Industrial concerns and Municipal and State Regulatory agencies have developed a library of data, including that from many existing monitoring wells in the area.  Little of the extant data has been compiled, yet most of this data is available as public record. Complete hydrogeological characterization of Springwood Lake will require that students compile and evaluate extant subsurface and hydraulic data. as a means of identifying data gaps and the sampling required to fill themStudents must integrate all of the above to construct a comprehensive model of ground water behavior.  Installation of data collection points (vadose zone lysimeters, multi-level piezometer arrays, potentiometric surface observation wells),
+
=== Computational science ===
 +
*Computational methods are now an important part of basic research in all of the natural sciences, yet few undergraduate programs have such components. Earlham is very well positioned to develop a template for incorporating computational methods into science curricula, e.g. our interdisciplinary approach, the high percentage of our graduates that go on to earn Ph.D.s in a science, and our existing computational science research program.   
-
Summer workshops
 
-
*Describe all of them with some detail
 
-
Physical aspects
+
== 2) Description ==
 +
=== Course curriculum module development ===
 +
Curriculum modules relevant to this proposal will be incorporated into XXX introductory courses in XXX departments in the Sciences with a total enrollment of XXX. 
-
*Back campus study plot.  We intend to specify a land surface area located somewhere on the Earlham back campus that can be instrumented for data physical and chemical data collection.
+
Describe one introductory and one upper-level fully, list the others that will be like this.
-
*Springwood Lake is a small (20 acre) pond located within the City limits of Richmond, Indiana.  It was created in 1930 by dredging and damming a perennial wetland and was intended to be a recreational destination.  The lake is situated between the Middle Fork of the Whitewater River to the east and a steep 50 foot embankment to the west.  The embankment is topped by flat land that was the preferred location of industrial development in the 40s, 50s and 60s. Industrial development was attended by uncontrolled releases of contaminating substances, many of which were captured and archived in Springwood Lake sediments.  The base of the embankment along the western lakeshore is the locus of perennial springs;  elevated concentrations of metals and chlorinated organic solvents continue to enter Springwood Lake via these springs.  
+
Include a total number of students per year, over the life of the grant, and as a percentage of the total number of students at Earlham.
-
*Laboratory experiments with ground water simulators
+
==== Introductory Course Modules ====
 +
===== Geosciences =====
 +
Hydrogeology, a course in the Geosciences Department, serves to illustrate application of our curricular approach to an upper-level offering.  The 1 to 3 week modules developed for hydrogeology will be designed to knit together over the semester to yield a significant end result: the complete characterization of the hydrogeologic setting.  During the life of the grant, the course would develop a hydrogeological characterization for both the back-campus research plot and for Springwood Lake.  To illustrate our approach for the back-campus plot, characterization will entail installation of several analysis-grade ground water monitoring wells, suction lysimeters and multi-level piezometers.  Installations will be subcontracted to an environmental drilling firm and will utilize Hollow-Stemmed Auger (HSA) techniques in order to recover continuous split-spoon soil samples. Smaller subsurface monitoring points may be installed by hand auger.  The hydraulic properties of the subsurface will be calculated on the basis of constant head slug tests and constant discharge pumping stress tests.  Monitoring points will be chemically characterized to establish background conditions prior to experimental dosing by environmentally benign proxy metal compounds.  Total metal concentrations will be quantified by Inductively-Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) and aqueous species distributions will be modeled by use a public-domain equilibrium speciation model (e.g. MINTEQA2,PHREEQC).  Hydrogeology students will be engaged in all facets of the subsurface investigation, aquifer property determination and sample collection.  Students in other courses will cooperatively engage with Hydrogeology students to develop the protocols for running the environmental fate experiments, chemical analyses and equilibrium speciation modeling.
-
This project will focus on interdisciplinary collaboration and curriculum development among the natural and physical sciences departments at Earlham College, including biology, chemistry, computer science, geosciences, mathematics, and physics. It is clear that cutting-edge scientific research is becoming more interdisciplinary and collaborative at all levels; therefore, it is essential to train our students to develop multi-faceted approaches to problem solving. This project will introduce an important scientific problem and ask students to collect and analyze data, as well as make interpretations, using different disciplinary perspectives in both coursework and independent research projects with faculty. We believe this idea of collaborative learning will transform our undergraduate curriculum in the sciences and provide a model for interdisciplinary curricula for other liberal arts colleges.
+
For Springwood Lake, previous and on-going investigations by Industrial concerns and Municipal and State Regulatory agencies have developed a library of data, including that from many existing monitoring wells in the area.  Little of the extant data has been compiled, yet most of this data is available as public record. Complete hydrogeological characterization of Springwood Lake will require that students compile and evaluate extant subsurface and hydraulic data. as a means of identifying data gaps and the sampling required to fill them. Students must integrate all of the above to construct a comprehensive model of ground water behavior. Installation of data collection points (vadose zone lysimeters, multi-level piezometer arrays, potentiometric surface observation wells),
-
In choosing the scientific problem around which to construct this project, we have tried to generate topics centered around faculty expertise, student interest, and local impact. We anticipate that if this approach is successful, both scientifically and educationally, we would be able to expand topics to reflect the changing interests of students, faculty, and the community. Therefore, our selection of the research problem is purposefully flexible, although any topic must meet the following explicit criteria:
+
===== Chemistry =====
-
*It must be broadly relevant to the scientific community (research results should be publishable in more than one venue).
+
To illustrate how traditional topics can be introduced in an innovative way using this environmental project as a unifying theme, we propose to incorporate a new environmental chemistry component in our general chemistry class (typical enrollment of 90).  This unit will introduce students to fate and transport modeling by measuring the distribution coefficient, Kd, which is a common parameter used to estimate the concentration of metal pollutants in aqueous systems.  Kd is a measure of the chelating ability of the soil in a soil-water mixture.  A distribution coefficient for copper has previously been measured in a standardized soil material1, and the procedure can be adapted to soils collected from our study sites.  The module will be conducted over two laboratory periods.  The first week will consist of a spectroscopy lab, where the students will be introduced to atomic and molecular absorption spectroscopy for the determination of the metal concentration in water, and to Infra Red spectroscopy for the characterization of the soil. 
-
*It must be easily adapted to both student/faculty research and the undergraduate science curriculum.
+
 
-
*It must involve field work, laboratory work, and computational analysis.
+
In the second week, students will use atomic spectroscopy to determine Kd of a metal (copper in year 1, and additional metals in subsequent years) in both standard soils, as well as soils collected from both our field and test sites.  The effect of pH on Kd will also be investigated for the soils.  The results will be used to discuss such environmental issues as acid rain and metal mobilization.  The soil Kd results will be compiled in a database for use in fate and transport modeling.
-
*It must be interdisciplinary in nature.
+
 
-
*It must have local impact or be important to the local community.
+
Dunnivant, F.M.; Kettel, J., "An environmental Chemistry Laboratory for the Determination of a Distribution Coefficient", J. Chem. Ed. 79(6), 2002, 715-717.
-
+
-
We will focus on the following metals:
+
-
*Mercury
+
-
*Lead
+
-
*Uranium
+
-
*Arsenic
+
-
*Selenium
+
-
*Vanadium
+
-
*Molybdenum
+
-
*Chromium
+
-
*Cadmium
+
-
*Copper
+
-
*Iron
+
-
*Manganese
+
-
*Zinc
+
-
+
==== Upper Division Course Modules ====
-
Water flow through soil via field and laboratory experiments and comutational modeling.
+
The courses will we incorporate these modules into include:
The courses will we incorporate these modules into include:
*Introductory Classes
*Introductory Classes
-
**EcoBio - 100 per year
+
**EcoBio - 100 per year (visit the sites as a lab, sampling)
-
**Environmental Science and Sustainability - 40 per year
+
**Environmental Science and Sustainability - 40 per year (visit the sites as a lab, sampling)
**Programming and Problem Solving - 30
**Programming and Problem Solving - 30
**Introduction to Computational Science - 10  
**Introduction to Computational Science - 10  
 +
*** Computational methods using the local data sets and benchmark data sets 
 +
*** Groundwater simulator and simulation lab (validation and verification) using our tabletop simulators
**Statistics - 40  
**Statistics - 40  
**Principles of Chemistry - 90
**Principles of Chemistry - 90
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**Environmental Chemistry
**Environmental Chemistry
**Instrumental Analysis
**Instrumental Analysis
 +
**Research Seminars
-
(Include a total number of students per year, over the life of the grant, and as a percentage of the total number of students at Earlham.)
 
-
The environmental impact of local industry and geology on ground water sources would be studied using such methods computational modeling of aqueous speciation to assess bioavailability, quantitative analysis of uptake in different trophic levels and analytical techniques, effects/evidence of metal uptake by plants or aquatic life. The study sites will be a local plot developed on-campus and a small lake several miles from the Earlham campus with documented pollution impacts.
+
=== Summer Research and Curriculum Module Development ===
 +
Overall the projects we envision will involve XXX faculty and XXX students over 3 summers...
-
Snapping turtles are potential heavy metal reservoirs, as such they would provide us with one particularly good angle with which to approach this which builds on significant faculty expertise.
+
==== Chemistry ====
 +
Initial work in the chemistry department will center on the collection, sample preparation and analysis of metals in a variety of environmental matrices as well as the development and implementation of metal speciation protocols.  Additional research projects will include investigation of the redox chemistry of soil, characterization of the metal ligand complexes present in these soils/leachates and synthesis of metal chelating ligands for use in soil studies and linking to nanoparticles for detection of metals.  Chemistry will also collaborate in the implementation of remote monitoring of chemical species (such as pH, dissolved oxygen, ion specific electrodes...).
-
Course Modules
+
We anticipate an average of 2.5 faculty and 5 students per summer at 8 weeks each.  Supply costs are anticipated to be approximately $5000 per year.
-
*Test plot to examine ground flow and uptake
+
-
*Year round
+
-
*Longitudinal
+
-
*Off-site plot maintenence
+
-
Summer faculty and student research assistant workshops (See the list in the budget to fill-in here.)
+
==== Biology ====
-
*Computational science and modeling
+
Sample the aquatic biota (macropthytes and animals) of Springwood Park Lake in order to 1) describe and quantify the food chains; 2) evaluate the extent of bioaccumulation of metals by those organisms; and 3) assess the rates of biomagnification occuring in higher trophic levels.  This work will involve 1 faculty member and 3 students for 8 weeks each summer.
 +
 
 +
==== Geosciences ====
 +
 
 +
==== Computer Science ====
 +
Development, deployment, and management of the field monitoring equipment.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
=== Professional Development Workshops ===
 +
Offered for one week each of the three summers.
 +
 
 +
Topics (possible, refine/reduce to three or four before submission.  Make it clear that the workshops are for all of the faculty, need to choose topics that are broadly useful.)
 +
*Computational Science and Modeling Methods - general and domain specific
 +
*Environmental Geology
 +
*Hydrology
 +
*Soil Chemistry
 +
*Analytical Laboratory Techniques
 +
*Biochemistry and metabolism of metals
 +
*Computational Chemistry
*Remote sensing and data aquisition
*Remote sensing and data aquisition
*Bioavailability, toxicity and bioaccumulation.
*Bioavailability, toxicity and bioaccumulation.
-
*Analytical laboratory methods
 
-
 
-
Summer multidisciplinary research community
 
-
*Continue maintence/development of local plot
 
-
*Off-site plot research
 
-
*Projects include (fill-in your details below, include number of faculty and students (roughly).) 
 
-
**Chemistry
 
-
**Biology
 
-
**Geoscience
 
-
**Computer Science
 
-
== 3) Purposes, Aims, and Impact (Meg Draft) ==
+
== 3) Purposes, Aims, and Impact ==
The purpose of this project is not only to bridge the gap between scientific research and science education by incorporating research modules into courses and encouraging summer research activity, but also to introduce students to the different disciplinary perspectives that can be used to approach scientific problems.  We envision implementing the multidisciplinary aspect of this curriculum by instituting a series of seminars taken by small groups of interested students who are also enrolled in one of the courses with a research project module.  These seminars will be offered at multiple levels, with advanced undergraduates leading the underclass seminars, and faculty leading the upper-class seminars.  In these small groups, students will discuss and present the work their class is pursuing on the topic, and students will do weekly readings and assignments meant to broaden their understanding of the nature of modern, multidisciplinary science.
The purpose of this project is not only to bridge the gap between scientific research and science education by incorporating research modules into courses and encouraging summer research activity, but also to introduce students to the different disciplinary perspectives that can be used to approach scientific problems.  We envision implementing the multidisciplinary aspect of this curriculum by instituting a series of seminars taken by small groups of interested students who are also enrolled in one of the courses with a research project module.  These seminars will be offered at multiple levels, with advanced undergraduates leading the underclass seminars, and faculty leading the upper-class seminars.  In these small groups, students will discuss and present the work their class is pursuing on the topic, and students will do weekly readings and assignments meant to broaden their understanding of the nature of modern, multidisciplinary science.
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== 4) Timetable ==
== 4) Timetable ==
-
4 years, full summer of activity in 2007 through spring semester 2011.
+
3 years, full summer of activity in 2007 through spring semester 2010.
-
Include a statement that shows that Earlham will carry this on supported by funds that are described in the current capital campaign menu.
+
Include a statement that shows that Earlham will carry this on supported by funds that are described in the current capital campaign menu.
-
== 5) Justification for why Keck and not some other funding source (Barbara) ==
+
== 5) Justification for why Keck and not some other funding source ==
The costs involved in the proposed interdisciplinary science research and curriculum development project far exceed the parameters of the Earlham College operating budget.  In order to plan, implement and evaluate this project, we must secure outside funding.  Private and government funding sources for interdisciplinary projects are few and far between.  Even then, many focus on one core discipline with collaborative disciplines radiating from the core.  In addition, most are targeted toward large research universities, and not at undergraduate colleges and liberal arts institutions.
The costs involved in the proposed interdisciplinary science research and curriculum development project far exceed the parameters of the Earlham College operating budget.  In order to plan, implement and evaluate this project, we must secure outside funding.  Private and government funding sources for interdisciplinary projects are few and far between.  Even then, many focus on one core discipline with collaborative disciplines radiating from the core.  In addition, most are targeted toward large research universities, and not at undergraduate colleges and liberal arts institutions.
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== Appendix A - Budget ==
== Appendix A - Budget ==
-
Equipment:
+
<pre>
-
*Ultrasonic Nebulizer (Boorman?  Leave it here for now).  $15K
+
                                  Year 1      Year 2      Year 3      Total
-
*Large freeze drier $20K
+
PERSONNEL             
-
*Acid digestion system $20K
+
  Faculty Salaries and Stipends           
-
*Field monitoring equipment (one per location) ~$1.5K per, about 6
+
    Summer research              $28,800    $28,800    $28,800    $86,400
-
**Temperature
+
    Workshop facilitators        $3,000      $3,000      $3,000      $9,000
-
**PH (digital)
+
    Project Coordinator          $3,000      $3,000      $3,000      $9,000
-
**Conductivity
+
  Student Stipends               
-
**Redox (reduction oxidation potential)
+
    Summer research              $38,400    $38,400    $38,400    $115,200
-
**Computer, packaging, uploading
+
-
**Nitrate selective probe through the summer?
+
-
*Sampling equipment (what depth do we need?) $1K + lots
+
-
**Lake sediment cores to 2m
+
-
**Shelby soil cores to some unknow depth
+
-
**One time install for monitoring wells and equipment for drawing
+
-
**Sounds like different approaches for different locations. Springwood has wells that we could sample (possibly)
+
-
 
+
-
Software and hardware $5K
+
-
*Groundwater flow analysis, Do we need cycles? Talk to Mic about this
+
-
 
+
-
Workshops
+
-
*Faculty stipends - 10 per workshop (year) over 4 years
+
-
*Meals and supplies
+
-
*Intructor stipends
+
-
*Topics (possible, refine before submission)
+
-
**Computational Science Methods - general and domain specific
+
-
**Environmental Geology
+
-
**Hydrology
+
-
**Soil Chemistry
+
-
**Analytical Techniques
+
-
**Biochemistry and metabolism of metals
+
-
**Computational Chemistry
+
-
*PDF would pay for faculty stipends, Keck would pay for instructor costs and general stuff.
+
-
 
+
-
Supplies
+
-
*Per faculty, per course, per student researcher
+
-
Faculty and student stipends for summer prep of curriculum modules
+
TOTAL PERSONNEL                                                      $219,600
 +
               
 +
EQUIPMENT             
 +
  Ultrasonic Nebulizer          $15,000           
 +
  Large freeze drier            $25,000           
 +
  Acid digestion system          $25,000           
 +
 
 +
  Field Monitoring (4 @ $3000per):             
 +
    Temperature           
 +
    PH (digital)             
 +
    Conductivity               
 +
    Redox (reduction oxidation potential)
 +
    Pressure Transducer           
 +
    Nitrate selective probe           
 +
    Computer, packaging, and communications 
 +
  Total Field Monitoring        $12,000           
-
Faculty Release Time during the academic year for first offering
+
  Field Sampling:                     
 +
    Lake sediment cores to 2 m             
 +
    Shelby soil cores             
 +
    Monitoring wells (one time install)
 +
    Drawing equipment             
 +
  Total Field Sampling          $15,000
 +
 
 +
  Biology sampling gear          $3,800
-
Faculty and student Stipends for summer research projects based on this
+
TOTAL EQUIPMENT                                                      $95,800
 +
               
 +
SUPPLIES               
 +
  Per student per year            $1,000           
 +
TOTAL SUPPLIES                  $13,000    $13,000    $13,000      $39,000
 +
               
 +
GRAND TOTAL                                                          $354,400
 +
</pre>
== Appendix B - Reviewers ==
== Appendix B - Reviewers ==

Revision as of 04:16, 19 January 2006

Contents

1) Introduction

Earlham College requests $<a-small-boat-load> to develop a set of multidisciplinary science curriculum modules, each with field, laboratory, and computational components. These modules will be created for both introductory and upper-division science courses in geoscience, chemistry, computer science, biology, mathematics, and environmental science. The three methods; field, laboratory, and computational; will be integrated in each module such that students at all levels will experience first-hand how modern scientific inquiry is carried-out using multidisciplinary approaches.

The Keck Foundation's grant, together with direct and indirect support from Earlham College, would support a modest amount of equipment and a three year program of development and initial offerings of the curriculum modules.

In choosing the scientific problem around which to construct this project, we have tried to generate topics centered around faculty expertise, student interest, and local impact. We anticipate that if this approach is successful, both scientifically and educationally, we would be able to expand topics to reflect the changing interests of students, faculty, and the community. Therefore, our selection of the research problem is purposefully flexible, although any topic must meet the following explicit criteria:

This project will focus on interdisciplinary collaboration and curriculum development among the natural and physical sciences departments at Earlham College, including biology, chemistry, computer science, geosciences, and mathematics. It is clear that cutting-edge scientific research is becoming more multidisciplinary and collaborative at all levels; therefore, it is essential to train our students to develop multi-faceted approaches to problem solving. This project will introduce an important scientific problem and ask students to collect and analyze data, as well as make interpretations, using different disciplinary perspectives in both coursework and independent research projects with faculty. We believe this idea of collaborative learning will transform our undergraduate curriculum in the sciences and provide a model for interdisciplinary curricula for other liberal arts colleges.

Local physical aspects

Computational science


2) Description

Course curriculum module development

Curriculum modules relevant to this proposal will be incorporated into XXX introductory courses in XXX departments in the Sciences with a total enrollment of XXX.

Describe one introductory and one upper-level fully, list the others that will be like this.

Include a total number of students per year, over the life of the grant, and as a percentage of the total number of students at Earlham.

Introductory Course Modules

Geosciences

Hydrogeology, a course in the Geosciences Department, serves to illustrate application of our curricular approach to an upper-level offering. The 1 to 3 week modules developed for hydrogeology will be designed to knit together over the semester to yield a significant end result: the complete characterization of the hydrogeologic setting. During the life of the grant, the course would develop a hydrogeological characterization for both the back-campus research plot and for Springwood Lake. To illustrate our approach for the back-campus plot, characterization will entail installation of several analysis-grade ground water monitoring wells, suction lysimeters and multi-level piezometers. Installations will be subcontracted to an environmental drilling firm and will utilize Hollow-Stemmed Auger (HSA) techniques in order to recover continuous split-spoon soil samples. Smaller subsurface monitoring points may be installed by hand auger. The hydraulic properties of the subsurface will be calculated on the basis of constant head slug tests and constant discharge pumping stress tests. Monitoring points will be chemically characterized to establish background conditions prior to experimental dosing by environmentally benign proxy metal compounds. Total metal concentrations will be quantified by Inductively-Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) and aqueous species distributions will be modeled by use a public-domain equilibrium speciation model (e.g. MINTEQA2,PHREEQC). Hydrogeology students will be engaged in all facets of the subsurface investigation, aquifer property determination and sample collection. Students in other courses will cooperatively engage with Hydrogeology students to develop the protocols for running the environmental fate experiments, chemical analyses and equilibrium speciation modeling.

For Springwood Lake, previous and on-going investigations by Industrial concerns and Municipal and State Regulatory agencies have developed a library of data, including that from many existing monitoring wells in the area. Little of the extant data has been compiled, yet most of this data is available as public record. Complete hydrogeological characterization of Springwood Lake will require that students compile and evaluate extant subsurface and hydraulic data. as a means of identifying data gaps and the sampling required to fill them. Students must integrate all of the above to construct a comprehensive model of ground water behavior. Installation of data collection points (vadose zone lysimeters, multi-level piezometer arrays, potentiometric surface observation wells),

Chemistry

To illustrate how traditional topics can be introduced in an innovative way using this environmental project as a unifying theme, we propose to incorporate a new environmental chemistry component in our general chemistry class (typical enrollment of 90).  This unit will introduce students to fate and transport modeling by measuring the distribution coefficient, Kd, which is a common parameter used to estimate the concentration of metal pollutants in aqueous systems.  Kd is a measure of the chelating ability of the soil in a soil-water mixture.  A distribution coefficient for copper has previously been measured in a standardized soil material1, and the procedure can be adapted to soils collected from our study sites.  The module will be conducted over two laboratory periods.  The first week will consist of a spectroscopy lab, where the students will be introduced to atomic and molecular absorption spectroscopy for the determination of the metal concentration in water, and to Infra Red spectroscopy for the characterization of the soil. 

In the second week, students will use atomic spectroscopy to determine Kd of a metal (copper in year 1, and additional metals in subsequent years) in both standard soils, as well as soils collected from both our field and test sites.  The effect of pH on Kd will also be investigated for the soils.  The results will be used to discuss such environmental issues as acid rain and metal mobilization.  The soil Kd results will be compiled in a database for use in fate and transport modeling.

Dunnivant, F.M.; Kettel, J., "An environmental Chemistry Laboratory for the Determination of a Distribution Coefficient", J. Chem. Ed. 79(6), 2002, 715-717.

Upper Division Course Modules

The courses will we incorporate these modules into include:


Summer Research and Curriculum Module Development

Overall the projects we envision will involve XXX faculty and XXX students over 3 summers...

Chemistry

Initial work in the chemistry department will center on the collection, sample preparation and analysis of metals in a variety of environmental matrices as well as the development and implementation of metal speciation protocols.  Additional research projects will include investigation of the redox chemistry of soil, characterization of the metal ligand complexes present in these soils/leachates and synthesis of metal chelating ligands for use in soil studies and linking to nanoparticles for detection of metals.  Chemistry will also collaborate in the implementation of remote monitoring of chemical species (such as pH, dissolved oxygen, ion specific electrodes...).

We anticipate an average of 2.5 faculty and 5 students per summer at 8 weeks each.  Supply costs are anticipated to be approximately $5000 per year.

Biology

Sample the aquatic biota (macropthytes and animals) of Springwood Park Lake in order to 1) describe and quantify the food chains; 2) evaluate the extent of bioaccumulation of metals by those organisms; and 3) assess the rates of biomagnification occuring in higher trophic levels. This work will involve 1 faculty member and 3 students for 8 weeks each summer.

Geosciences

Computer Science

Development, deployment, and management of the field monitoring equipment.


Professional Development Workshops

Offered for one week each of the three summers.

Topics (possible, refine/reduce to three or four before submission. Make it clear that the workshops are for all of the faculty, need to choose topics that are broadly useful.)

3) Purposes, Aims, and Impact

The purpose of this project is not only to bridge the gap between scientific research and science education by incorporating research modules into courses and encouraging summer research activity, but also to introduce students to the different disciplinary perspectives that can be used to approach scientific problems. We envision implementing the multidisciplinary aspect of this curriculum by instituting a series of seminars taken by small groups of interested students who are also enrolled in one of the courses with a research project module. These seminars will be offered at multiple levels, with advanced undergraduates leading the underclass seminars, and faculty leading the upper-class seminars. In these small groups, students will discuss and present the work their class is pursuing on the topic, and students will do weekly readings and assignments meant to broaden their understanding of the nature of modern, multidisciplinary science. In addition to learning skills in scientific inquiry and science research, these course modules and projects will also have an impact on the local community. Since all projects will be grounded in scientific issues important to our local and regional environment, we anticipate holding yearly poster sessions open to our community in which students or groups of students will present aspects of their projects and link them into a larger scientific and social context. We believe this innovative approach, combining classroom scientific inquiry, summer research projects, multidisciplinary discussion, and community participation will give our students a unique opportunity to engage in truly collaborative science.

4) Timetable

3 years, full summer of activity in 2007 through spring semester 2010.

Include a statement that shows that Earlham will carry this on supported by funds that are described in the current capital campaign menu.

5) Justification for why Keck and not some other funding source

The costs involved in the proposed interdisciplinary science research and curriculum development project far exceed the parameters of the Earlham College operating budget. In order to plan, implement and evaluate this project, we must secure outside funding. Private and government funding sources for interdisciplinary projects are few and far between. Even then, many focus on one core discipline with collaborative disciplines radiating from the core. In addition, most are targeted toward large research universities, and not at undergraduate colleges and liberal arts institutions.

By reviewing W.M. Keck Foundation funded projects, it is clear that Keck places a high value on research at undergraduate colleges and in funding innovative projects. With educational programs that have strength across the full range of the liberal arts and sciences, Earlham has demonstrated unusual strength in the sciences, and stands alongside the undergraduate institutions that have received Keck Support.

Because of the shared interest in multi-disciplinary projects and the confidence in undergraduate collaborative research, Earlham turns to the W. M. Keck Foundation to seek support.

Appendix A - Budget

                                  Year 1      Year 2      Year 3       Total
PERSONNEL               
  Faculty Salaries and Stipends             
    Summer research              $28,800     $28,800     $28,800     $86,400 
    Workshop facilitators         $3,000      $3,000      $3,000      $9,000 
    Project Coordinator           $3,000      $3,000      $3,000      $9,000 
  Student Stipends                
    Summer research              $38,400     $38,400     $38,400     $115,200 

TOTAL PERSONNEL                                                      $219,600 
                
EQUIPMENT               
  Ultrasonic Nebulizer           $15,000            
  Large freeze drier             $25,000            
  Acid digestion system          $25,000            
  
  Field Monitoring (4 @ $3000per):              
    Temperature             
    PH (digital)               
    Conductivity                
    Redox (reduction oxidation potential)
    Pressure Transducer             
    Nitrate selective probe             
    Computer, packaging, and communications  
  Total Field Monitoring         $12,000            

  Field Sampling:                      
    Lake sediment cores to 2 m              
    Shelby soil cores               
    Monitoring wells (one time install)
    Drawing equipment              
  Total Field Sampling           $15,000
  
  Biology sampling gear           $3,800

TOTAL EQUIPMENT                                                       $95,800 
                
SUPPLIES                
  Per student per year            $1,000             
TOTAL SUPPLIES                   $13,000    $13,000     $13,000       $39,000 
                
GRAND TOTAL                                                          $354,400 

Appendix B - Reviewers

We'll need complete addresses, telephone, and fax

Lew Reilly 
Ursinus College
Department of Physics
Collegeville, PA
	
Scott Brooks - BioGeoChemist
Environmental Sciences Division, POB 2008
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Oak Ridge, TN  37831

Mic's friend
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Oak Ridge, TN

Bob Panoff
Shodor Institute
Raleigh, NC

Brock Spencer
Beloit College
Department of Chemistry
Beloit, WI  53511

Biologist?

Bruce Herbert, Professor
Department of Geology and Geophysics
Texas A & M University
MS 3115
College Station, Texas 77845
herbert@geo.tamu.edu
979-845-2405

Appendix C - College Collateral

Fact sheet

Background on each department, orange flyers?

Division Brag Sheets - EllieV's revisions? SaraP?

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