Natives that attract wildlife

From Earlham Cluster Department

Jump to: navigation, search

Bergamot
Monarda fistulosa
-attracts hummingbirds, butterflies, and bumble bees
-grows 2-3 ft. tall
-prefers full sun
-prefers well drained, neutral, sandy, loamy soils
-flower from july to august
http://www.wiseacre-gardens.com/plants/wildflower/bergamot.jpg


Black Snakeroot
Sanicula spp.
-attracts butterflies and other insects
-grows 4-6 ft. tall
-requires full to partial shade
-prefers rich, moist, well drained soils
-blooms from summer to fall
http://john.walker.name/photoblog/archives/flowers/BlackSnakeroot.jpg


Coralberry
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
-provides food and shelter for butterflies, birds and small mammals
-grows to 3 ft. in height
-prefers full sun to partial shade
-prefer moist, well drained soils
-flowers in mid summer
http://www.theeagle.com/homegarden/photos/021105coralberry.jpg


Downy Serviceberry
Amelanchier arborea
-provides food for birds and small mammals
-grows from 6-30 ft. tall
-prefers full sun to partial shade
-prefers rich, loamy soil, but will grow in most soils
-blooms mid spring
http://www.ontariowildflower.com/images/serviceberrytree.jpg


False Sunflower
Heliopsis helianthoides
-attracts monarchs and other butterflies, birds, and hummingbirds
-grows 2-4 ft. tall
-prefers full sun
-prefers well drained, loamy soils
-flowers throughout the summer
http://personalpages.tds.net/~savanasp/image3ET.JPG


Golden Alexanders
Zizia aurea
-provides food for larvae including the swallowtail butterfly
-grows 1-2 ft. tall
-prefers full sun to partial shade
-prefers rich, moist soil
-blooms from may to july
http://savetheprairiesociety.org/virtual/images/goldalexcluster.jpg


Hackberry
Celtis occidentalis
-provides food and shelter for birds and small mammals such as squirrels
-grows 40-60 ft. tall
-prefers full sun
-prefers moist, rich soil, is very adaptable to different soil types
-blooms in april and may, berries appear in early fall
http://www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/ceoc5242.jpg


Highbush Blueberry
Vaccinium corymbosum
-provides food for birds and small mammals, berries can be eaten by humans
-grows to 6-8 ft. in height
-requires full sun, will not tolerate shade
-prefers acidic, well drained, sandy, loamy soils
-flowers in may, berries ripen in august
http://www.fcps.k12.va.us/StratfordLandingES/Ecology/Plants/Highbush%20Blueberry/TS0223_1l.jpg


Indian Pink
Spigelia marilandica
-provides nectar for humming birds
-grows to about 2 ft. in height
-prefers full sun to light shade
-prefers rich, moist soil
-flowers in late spring
http://www.rubythroat.org/images/PinkIndian01.jpg


New England Aster
Aster novae-angliae
-attracts butterflies
-grows 2-6 ft. in height
-prefers full sun
-prefer moist, rich, loamy soils
-blooms from august to october
http://www.tva.gov/river/landandshore/stabilization/plants/images/aster_novae-angliae.jpg


New Jersey Tea
Ceanothus americanus
-attracts butterflies and hummingbirds
-grows 2-3 ft. in height
-prefers full to partial sun
-prefers sandy, loamy, dry soils, very drought resistant
-blooms from july to august
http://www.co.washburn.wi.us/images/landwatercons/shrubs/new-jersey-tea.jpg


Purple Milkweed
Asclepias purpurascens
-attracts bees, butterflies and birds
-2-3 ft. in height
-prefers full sun to partial shade
-prefers sandy or loamy, well drained soils
-flowers in june and july
http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/milkweedf4.jpg


Rattlesnake Master
Eryngium yuccifolium
-attracts honeybees and other insects
-grows 3-5 ft. tall
-prefers full sun
-prefers dry, sandy or loamy soils
-blooms from june to august
http://www.michiganaudubon.org/bakersanctuary/images/rattlesnake_master.jpg


Red Osier Dogwood
Cornus sericea
-provides food and shelter for butterflies, birds, and small mammals
-can grow 3-19 ft. tall
-prefers full sun to partial shade, but is shade tolerant
-prefers rich, moist soils, can grow in variety of soil types
-blooms in june, berries appear in july and august
http://bwca.cc/wildflowers/flowerimages/lorrainespictures/redosierdogwood.jpg


Royal Catchfly
Silene regia
-attracts butterflies and hummingbirds
-grow 2-4 ft. tall
-prefers full sun
-prefers rich, well drained, loamy soil
-blooms from july to august
http://biology4.wustl.edu/tyson/flora/catchfly1.jpg


Spicebush
Lindera benzoin
-provides food and shelter for birds, butterflies and small mammals
-grows 5-20 ft. tall
-prefers shade but will grow in sun
-prefers moist rich soils but will grow in a variety of soil types
-blooms in march and april
http://indianspringherbs.com/Images/Spicebush2.jpg


Swamp Milkweed
Asclepias incarnata
-provides food for monarch caterpillars, attracts butterflies and hummingbirds
-grows to 4 ft. in height
-prefers full sun to partial shade
-prefers rich, well drained, loamy soils
-blooms mid summer
http://www.ontariowildflower.com/images/milkweedswampfl.jpg


Sweet Cicely
Osmorhiza claytoni
-
-grows 2-3 ft. high
-prefers full to partial shade
-prefers moist,
-flower from march to may
http://www.etsu.edu/biology/friendsofnature/Species/Wildflowers/Pictures/sweet%20cicely%20usda.jpg


Wild Columbine
Aquilegia canadensis
-attracts hummingbirds and butterflies
-grows 1-3 ft. tall
-prefers partial shade but will grow in full sun
-prefers well drained, loose, slightly acid, sandy loam soil, but will tolerate most soils
-blooms in late spring
http://www.suhsd.k12.ca.us/mvm/netlinks/1cather/wild%20columbine.jpg

Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
websites
wiki
this semester
Toolbox